What is Neighbourhood Management?
Neighbourhood Management is a new way of working to improve some of the most deprived neighbourhoods in the country. It brings together a wide range of people who are already delivering
services, working for organisations such as the Police, Health, the Council or for the voluntary and community sector in order that they can work in a more cohensive and co-ordinated manner.
Neighbourhood Management doesn’t involve large sums of money – it’s about using resources that are already available more effectively to achieve lasting change. One solution won’t suit all neighbourhood so services need to be flexible to meet the needs of residents.
The main ingredients of Neighbourhood Management are:
How the neighbourhoods were chosen - priority LSOAs
The priority neighbourhoods consist of 20 ‘Lower Super Output Areas’ (LSOAs) of approximately
1,500 people each, that fall into the bottom 5% nationally of the Index of Deprivation 2004.
The Index of Deprivation is a database used by the Government to calculate disadvantage, using a
wide range of information about crime, employment, education, health, the environment and housing.
The twenty priority LSOAs are clustered in the seven priority neighbourhoods. Neighbourhood Management has been set up in five of them.
The Neighbourhood Management areas are based on these LSOAs, but have also been broadened out a little to fit with the real geography of the areas. These neighbourhoods also receive Neighbourhood Renewal Funding from the Government to help to improve the way major services are
delivered to tackle key problems.
Leicester's priority neighbourhoods
In July 2005 the Leicester Partnership agreed the areas of Leicester that are priority neighbourhoods in the city. The priority neighbourhoods are -
Braunstone and the city centre are also priority neighbourhoods. However Braunstone currently has New Deal for Communities funding, managed by the Braunstone Community Association and there are other approaches to tackling issues in the city centre.
Five Neighbourhood Management arrangements have been set up to get residents, service providers and local Councillors to work together to improve the quality of life of people in the area.
As part of the Strategy for Leicester, and Leicester’s Local Area Agreement, which implements the strategy, all the main organisations in the city will work together to narrow the gap between these neighbourhoods and the rest of the city in terms of health, crime, education, employment, housing and the environment.
Does Neighbourhood Management work?
Neighbourhood Management is a relatively new way of working. Since 2001, the Government has funded 35 ‘pathfinder’ schemes to test the approach. In addition, more than 250 other Neighbourhood Management initiatives are operating across the country.
These have been implemented by local authorities, registered social landlords, community development trusts, New Deal for Communities programmes and others who have been convinced of the value of the approach.
Research by the Young Foundation has already endorsed the neighbourhood management approach. But evaluations of the Government’s pathfinder programme – as well as studies of non-pathfinder initiatives – have now yielded conclusive evidence that Neighbourhood Management is a force for positive change. In particular, household surveys of the 20 ‘Round 1’ pathfinder schemes – carried out initially in 2003 and repeated in 2006 – offer further evidence that residents’ perceptions about their areas are improving faster than those in comparable areas.
“to many practitioners, residents, councillors and service providers, it has the hallmarks of a more intelligent and sustainable approach to Neighbourhood renewal and public service improvement. It is not expensive compared with more conventional regeneration approaches, it is grounded in its local community with a dedicated local team, and it is clearly focused on improving mainstream services – the services that matter in deprived areas – from the perspective of ‘the customer’.”
NEIGHBOURHOOD MANAGEMENT – at the Turning Point? (DCLG formerly ODPM 006)
What is Leicester's approach?
Leicester is getting £1.6m ‘neighbourhood element’ money from the Government’s Safer, Stronger Communities Fund between 2006/7 and 2009/10 to set up Neighbourhood Management.
To develop our arrangements in Leicester, the Leicester Partnership decided to split most of the neighbourhood element fund between St Matthews / St Marks and Saffron – these are the highest priority areas.
But the partnership also decided to develop an innovative ‘grow your own’ approach to neighbourhood management in three other priority neighbourhoods – Beaumont Leys, St Peters and New Parks, using only a small amount of the ‘neighbourhood element’ fund. It was agreed to use this approach to help us understand how far our existing resouces can deliver change without major extra funding. If they can, it will help us to see whether we do need extra funding to deliver neighbourhood renewal, or whether it is more a question of changing the way we use our existing resources.
In these three areas neighbourhood housing managers have been appointed to also work as neighbourhood managers.
How will local people get involved?
Network will have a
key role in ensuring the involvement of local groups and people in the neighbourhood arrangements, supported by the Single Community Programme Team at Voluntary Action Leicester.
How will the Neighbourhood Delivery Plans be implemented?
Updated June 2007